Bus transportation is provided by the Mass Transit Administration (MTA), the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), and local buses. Statewide, MTA operates commuter buses linking metropolitan areas, funds bus transportation for elderly and disabled persons, and supports local public transportation, funding many counties and small cities. MTA provides privately contracted commuter bus service from Annapolis, Charlotte Hall, Columbia, Crofton, Frederick, Hagerstown, Huntingtown, Kent Island, North Beach, Silver Spring, and Waldorf to Washington, DC, or to a Metrorail station. MTA also operates over 60 bus routes in the Baltimore area. With suburban service from Annapolis, Bel Air, Columbia, Havre de Grace, Laurel, and White Marsh to downtown Baltimore, 860 buses serve more than 250,000 passengers daily. In winter, MTA Shelter Shuttle transports homeless individuals and families to city-run shelters nightly.
Passengers with disabilities may use regularly scheduled lift-equipped service; Call-A-Lift on bus routes without such scheduled buses; and Mobility, a van and taxi service for those who cannot use MTA buses.
In Montgomery and Prince George's counties, bus transportation is provided by Metrobus (WMATA), the Ride-On service in Montgomery County, and The Bus in Prince George's County.
The State currently runs three commuter train lines which form the Maryland Rail Commuter Service (MARC), carrying over 20,000 passengers each weekday. Two lines run between Baltimore and Washington, DC: the Camden Line and the Penn Line. One line links Martinsburg, West Virginia, and Brunswick, Maryland, to Washington, DC. By late 2001, service will extend to Frederick from Point of Rocks on the Brunswick line (two additional stations will open and three trains will operate daily). Service also runs north of Baltimore on the northeast corridor into Harford and southern Cecil counties with routes ending at Perryville. The MTA contracts out operations for three freight lines on the Eastern Shore and two through Frederick and Carroll counties, covering over 150 miles. Additional service is provided for passengers by Amtrak and for freight by CSX Transportation and Conrail. Of historical note, the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad Company was chartered by the General Assembly in 1827 to construct a transportation link to the west, establishing the nation's first long-distance railway.
Subways operate in the Baltimore and Washington, DC, areas. They are provided by the Mass Transit Administration (MTA), and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA).
The MTA's Baltimore Metro has 14 stations. It runs 15.5 miles from Owings Mills to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, carrying an average of 49,000 passengers daily.
Commuters traveling through the Maryland suburbs, Washington, DC, and Virginia, use the Washington Metrorail, operated by the Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority and partly funded by the Maryland Department of Transportation. Metrorail has 5 lines, 78 stations, and 96 miles of track. Two Maryland counties - Montgomery and Prince George's - are in its transit zone.
July 18, 2000
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