DEPARTMENT OF JUVENILE JUSTICE


OFFICE OF SECRETARY

One Center Plaza
120 West Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Appointed by the Governor with Senate advice and consent, the Secretary of Juvenile Justice heads the Department of Juvenile Justice. The Department provides individualized care and treatment to youths aged 7 to 21 who have violated the law or are a danger to themselves or to others

The Secretary chairs the Commission on Juvenile Justice Jurisdiction. The Secretary also serves on the Governor's Executive Council; the Subcabinet for Children, Youth, and Families; the Cabinet Council on Criminal and Juvenile Justice; the Judges, Masters and Juvenile Justice Committee; the State Advisory Board for Juvenile Justice; the Interdepartmental Advisory Committee for Minority Affairs; the Maryland Partnership for Children, Youth, and Families; the Governor's Commission on Service and Volunteerism; the State's Attorneys Liaison Committee; the State Board of Victim Services; and the Governor's Work Force Investment Board.

Within the Office of the Secretary are Administration; Capital Planning; Policy, Legislation, and Research; and Support Services; as well as units for community outreach, fair practice and risk management, professional development, and legal counsel. Under the Secretary, the Department is organized into three divisions: Field Services; Program Services; and Residential Services. The Office is assisted by the State Advisory Board for Juvenile Justice; the Commission on Juvenile Justice Jurisdiction; the Judges, Masters, and Juvenile Justice Committee; and the State's Attorneys Liaison Committee.

ADMINISTRATION

Administration started as the Budget and Management Division in 1987. Renamed the Administrative Services Division in 1990, it merged in 1992 with the Program Services Division to form the Administrative and Program Services Division. In 1996, program services were assigned to the Program Services Division and the office of Administration was created to manage administrative functions.

Under Administration are Budget and Finance; Information Technology; and Personnel Management.

BUDGET & FINANCE
Budget and Finance began as Special Programs and reorganized as Specialized Operations in 1996. Functions of Specialized Operations were assigned to Budget and Finance in January 1997.

Budget and Finance seeks funding for the special needs of children. It started in 1992, when the Department began participating in federal funding initiatives. Under Title IV-E of the federal Social Security Act, the State receives federal funds to maintain eligible children in foster care (P.L. 96-272).

From February to September 1995, the federal Emergency Services to Families with Children Program reimbursed the State for emergency services provided to needy families in crisis (Social Security Act, Title IV-A; federal Regulation 45CFR233.120). These social services were provided when family emergencies threatened or endangered children. When federal funding stopped, the State program ceased.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Information Technology operates and maintains the Department's client database (ISYS). This office provides technical assistance on all computer-related matters, and supports, procures, and maintains the Department's personal computers and associated applications. For the year 2000, Information Technology set up a statewide computer network to enhance communication capabilities and support a new work flow system.


FIELD SERVICES DIVISION

One Center Plaza
120 West Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Field Services Division originated as the Court Services Division. Reorganized in 1988 as the Direct Care Services Division, it was renamed the Field Services Division in 1989.

To administer intake, probation, and aftercare for delinquent youth, the State is divided into seven areas with local field offices serving each county and Baltimore City. Youths who break the law or exhibit uncontrollable behavior enter the juvenile justice system through these local offices.

Young people may be referred to a local office of juvenile justice by law enforcement agencies, other government agencies, parents, or concerned citizens. Following referral, an intake officer assesses the youth and determines the most appropriate course of action. The intake officer may recommend formal court proceedings; place the minor on voluntary informal supervision for up to 90 days; dismiss the youth with a warning; or disapprove a case for insufficient evidence.

Through intake services, the Division decides for each minor whether court proceedings are appropriate. The Division also recommends to the court whether adjudicated delinquents should be placed on probation, in a day program, or committed to a residential facility. During probation and throughout the youth's stay at a residential facility, the Division maintains contact with a juvenile's case manager. Minors are monitored in a similar fashion after their release.

COMMUNITY DETENTION & ELECTRONIC MONITORING

For youth awaiting court trial or review, Community Detention and Electronic Monitoring is an alternative to incarceration. Juveniles may remain at home in their community under intensive supervision by daily face-to-face or telephone contact and through surveillance by electronic monitoring.


PROGRAM SERVICES DIVISION

One Center Plaza
120 West Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

In 1989, the Program Services Division was established as the Program Support Services Division. It became the Program Services Division in 1990. The Division merged in 1992 with the Administrative Services Division to form the Administrative and Program Services Division. In 1996, administrative services were assigned to Administration (under the Deputy Secretary), and the Division resumed its former name.

The Program Services Division helps develop, implement, and monitor programs provided by private contractors to youth under the care and custody of the Department. The Division places juveniles in residential and nonresidential programs, coordinates substance abuse treatment, and licenses and certifies service providers to the Department. It also obtains grants, and develops programs eligible for funding through federal entitlement.

Under the Division are four programs: Grants and Program Development; Placement and Resource Management; Special Programs; and Standards and Compliance.

GRANTS & PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT

Grants and Program Development was created as Program and Contract Development in October 1992 and received its present name in 1998. The unit defines programs and contract specifications for services provided by the private sector. These services include management of residential facilities and community detention; and counseling, drug treatment, mentoring, and community service programs.

PLACEMENT & RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Placement and Resource Management secures placements for juveniles in residential and nonresidential programs. At area offices of juvenile justice throughout Maryland, the unit's resource coordinators meet with case managers to assess a child's needs for education, socialization, and health services and to determine which Department program best meets these needs while protecting public safety. The unit monitors the case until the minor is accepted into a program, and placement and other services are funded.

SPECIAL PROGRAMS

Special Programs formed in 1991 as Substance Abuse Program Services. In 1996, it reorganized first as Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, and then as Special Services in October 1996. This unit oversees drug screening, referral, assessment, counseling, and treatment for juvenile offenders.

As part of the intake process, most minors entering the juvenile justice system are screened for alcohol and drug abuse at a Department field office in their county or Baltimore City. Field offices refer youth to public and private, inpatient and outpatient treatment. Youths detained while awaiting trial are assessed for drug and alcohol addiction by a counselor who may recommend treatment. Most facilities that receive youth upon court order offer treatment. Some have drug and alcohol treatment components, while others are dedicated to young addicts. Youth on probation are referred to outpatient services at local health departments.

STANDARDS & COMPLIANCE

Standards and Compliance began as separate units for residential and nonresidential monitoring. They combined in 1993 as Residential and Nonresidential Monitoring. In July 1993, the unit was renamed Program Monitoring and, in 1996, Standards and Compliance.

To ensure compliance with contracts and federal and State regulations, Standards and Compliance oversees those private firms licensed or certified by the Department to provide residential and nonresidential services for troubled youth. For each program, this office develops an annual monitoring plan. Staff then visit each site to check physical plants; conduct investigations; verify any corrective acts taken to comply with State and federal regulations; interview staff and students; and observe programs.

Residential programs are licensed by the Department every two years. On the off-year, Standards and Compliance audits each program and issues a report for each facility.

Under contract with the Department, private firms operate three residential centers: Victor Cullen Academy; Charles H. Hickey, Jr., School; and O'Farrell Youth Center.

VICTOR CULLEN ACADEMY
6000 Cullen Drive
Sabillasville, MD 21780

Opened in September 1992, Victor Cullen Academy is a secure commitment facility for delinquent boys in northwest Frederick County. The Academy is a State facility operated by a private firm under contract with the Department.

Cullen Academy treats up to 184 teenage boys who stay an average of six months. It offers intensive vocational education. A six-week culinary arts class readies graduates for jobs in restaurants and hotels, and with catering firms. A thoroughbred horse-breeding program prepares youth for employment in the State's racing industry.

Academy origins date to 1908 when the State Sanatorium for tuberculosis patients was established on the site. Placed under the Department of Health in 1949, the Sanatorium was renamed Victor Cullen State Hospital after Victor F. Cullen, M.D., a former member of the State Board of Health. The Hospital reorganized in 1965 as the Victor Cullen School, a training or reform school for boys under the State Department of Public Welfare (Chapter 818, Acts of 1965). The School transferred in 1967 to the Juvenile Services Administration, and in 1974, as the Victor Cullen Center, to what became the Developmental Disabilities Administration of the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. The Center closed in 1991, reopened under the Department of Juvenile Services as the Victor Cullen Academy in 1992, and since 1995 has continued under the Department of Juvenile Justice.

CHARLES H. HICKEY, JR., SCHOOL
2400 Cub Hill Road
Baltimore, MD 21234

The Charles H. Hickey, Jr., School began in 1850 as the House of Refuge on Frederick Avenue in Baltimore City (Chapter 374, Acts of 1849). It was an early effort to separate children from adult criminals in jails. Renamed the Maryland School for Boys, it moved in 1910 to its present site near Loch Raven in northern Baltimore County. In 1918, it became the Maryland Training School for Boys (Chapter 300, Acts of 1918). Adopted in 1985, the School's present name honors a former Baltimore County sheriff (Chapter 245, Acts of 1985).

For youth awaiting trial, the Hickey School is a detention center. For young people committed by the court, it is a training school. Short-term commitment is provided for less serious offenses; longer incarceration, for more serious or multiple offenses. The School cares for and treats some 300 delinquent boys and young men, ages 15 to 17, from across Maryland (Code 1957, Art. 83C, sec. 2-117). Since September 1991, the School has been run by private firms under contract with the Department.

O'FARRELL YOUTH CENTER
7960 Henryton Road
Marriottsville, MD 21103

From its opening in 1986, O'Farrell Youth Center has been operated by private firms under contract with the Department. The Center is located in Carroll County.

The Center treats drug dealers and juveniles who have committed crimes against people and property. It holds up to forty boys: chronic offenders, ages 13 to 18. They stay an average of nine months in a secure residence.

The Center promotes responsible behavior. Upon discharge, former residents participate in a six-month program to help them avoid crime after rejoining the community. A set of goals is defined for each youth. Usually, this involves a job, school, or work-study leading to a high school diploma. Getting along with parents and siblings is another common aim, while some seek outpatient counseling or treatment. Progress in meeting goals is monitored and may involve participation by the supervising case manager.


RESIDENTIAL SERVICES DIVISION

One Center Plaza
120 West Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Residential Services Division started in 1987 as the Institution and Detention Services Division. It became the Facilities and Residential Services Division in 1989 and reorganized as the Residential Services Division in 1992.

The Division oversees State residences for youth committed or detained by the court. Serving committed juveniles are two community-based facilities in Baltimore City and four youth centers in Western Maryland. Four detention centers hold minors awaiting trial or disposition. The Division also is responsible statewide for transporting youth between court and State facilities.

COMMITTED & DETENTION PROGRAMS

Committed and Detention Programs began as Residential Programs and reorganized as Committed Programs in 1992. It adopted its current name in 1996.

COMMITTED PROGRAMS

For youth committed by the courts, the Residential Services Division runs six residential facilities. They are the Maryland Youth Residence Center and the William Donald Schaefer House in Baltimore City, and four Youth Centers in Western Maryland.

DETENTION CENTERS

Detention centers hold minors awaiting trial or placement in a residential program. These youth are either alleged or adjudicated delinquents. Some are quite young. They require detention (i.e. locked confinement), because they pose a danger to themselves or others, need close supervision, or might leave the jurisdiction of the court.

The Residential Services Division oversees four detention centers: J. DeWeese Carter Center; Cheltenham Youth Facility; Alfred D. Noyes Children's Center; and Thomas J. S. Waxter Children's Center.

EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

Educational Services administers and supervises education programs for youth placed in detention and residential facilities of the Department. The unit offers instruction in English, math, science, social studies, physical education, music and art, remedial reading and math; and prepares students for the General Education Development (G.E.D.) test.

Educational Services receives funding from and is subject to rules and regulations of the State Department of Education. To receive federal funds, it provides special education that meets the needs of disadvantaged youth. Most facilities also offer vocational training.

HEALTH SERVICES

Health Services coordinates and oversees health care for youth admitted to the Department's care and custody. Medical services include an assessment of immediate medical needs by a nurse, a physical examination and health history, immunizations, laboratory tests, dietary services, dental care, sick care, and emergency treatment.

Many youth entering Department facilities have behaved irresponsibly and face complex health problems, such as chronic untreated medical conditions, sexually transmitted diseases, illnesses related to drug or alcohol abuse, tuberculosis, teenage pregnancy, or a poor self-image. Health Services teaches youth to prevent disease and take responsibility for their health.

Health Services also provides clinical, managerial and administrative guidance to health service personnel in Department facilities and programs. The nurse manager at Health Services advises nurses at juvenile facilities on treatment. The nurse manager also tracks youth from one juvenile facility to another, monitoring their health care. For physicians who treat youth in the Department's care, and for pharmacy and medical laboratory services provided to these youth, Health Services writes and manages contracts. It also oversees intergovernmental agreements for health care to youth in Department facilities. In addition, Health Services monitors expenditures for services and organizes continuing education seminars for clinicians.

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2000

July 18, 2000   
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