GOVERNOR'S OFFICE OF CRIME CONTROL & PREVENTION

ORIGIN & FUNCTIONS


The Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention was created in 1995 by the Governor to address concerns about public safety and the prevention of crime and substance abuse (Executive Order 01.01.1995.18). The Office formed by merging functions of the Office of Justice Administration and the Governor's Drug and Alcohol Abuse Commission. In January 1997, the Office was placed under the Office of the Lieutenant Governor. From the Cabinet Council on Criminal and Juvenile Justice, the Office receives policy direction and oversight.

The Office helps draft legislation, policies, plans, programs, and budgets to improve public safety and the administration of justice and reduce and prevent crime, violence, delinquency, and substance abuse.

For nonprofit community groups and local and State government agencies, the Office administers State grant programs, including the Maryland After-School Community Grant Program; the Governor's Drug and Alcohol Abuse Program (also known as Neighborhood Crime Prevention Grants); the Maryland Drug and Alcohol Grants Program Fund; and the Maryland Victims of Crime Fund. The Office also oversees several federal grant programs, including the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program; the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant Program; the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Program; the Violence Against Women Program; the Violent Offenders Incarceration and Truth-In-Sentencing Program;; and the Governor's portion of the federal Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program.

The Partnership for a Drug-Free Maryland is coordinated by the Office. Initiated in May 1991, the Partnership is an alliance of Maryland government with private media and advertising professionals to discourage abuse of narcotics and alcohol. With pro bono air time and committed print space, the Partnership conducts an aggressive, statewide multimedia campaign against substance abuse.

The Office also administers the Maryland Police Corps, a federal college scholarship program enacted in 1996. Maryland was one of the first states chosen by the U.S. Department of Justice to recruit and train college graduates to serve four years as community police officers. Maryland Police Corps officers presently serve in the police departments of Baltimore City, Hagerstown, and Anne Arundel, Howard, and Prince George's counties.

Appointed by the Governor, the Executive Director serves on the Criminal Justice Information Advisory Board and the State Board of Victim Services.

The Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention funds programs. These programs support the Maryland Crime Control and Prevention Strategy. That strategy is designed to: 1) prevent youth violence, drug use, and gangs; 2) protect and support victims; 3) reclaim at-risk neighborhoods; and 4) target high-risk offenders.

PREVENT YOUTH VIOLENCE, DRUG USE, & GANGS

JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAM
The Juvenile Justice Program administers funding and provides technical support to carry out State, local and private nonprofit programs. These programs seek to treat serious and chronic juvenile offenders, improve the juvenile justice system, and prevent delinquency.

PROTECT & SUPPORT VICTIMS

VICTIM SERVICES PROGRAM
The Victim Services Program began in 1988, later became the Victim Services and Domestic Violence Program, and adopted its present name in 1999. The Program administers funding and provides technical support for efforts to assist victims of crime and those who suffer domestic and family violence. The Victim Services Coordinator is chosen by the Executive Director of the Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention.

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT PROGRAM
The Violence Against Women Act Program was authorized under the federal Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (P.L. 103-322). By this act, states administer funds to combat crimes of violence against women and improve legal protections for victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. Under the Program, law enforcement officers, court commissioners, "911" operators, judges, and state's attorneys are trained to respond effectively to violent crimes against women. Coordinated community responses to domestic violence, rape, and sexual assault are supported. In addition, the Program provides a uniform data collection system to track offenses and standardizes the processing of legal cases involving domestic violence, rape, and sexual assault.

RECLAIM AT-RISK NEIGHBORHOODS

HOTSPOT COMMUNITIES PROGRAM
Initiated in July 1997, the HotSpot Communities Program started as a three-year program. It targeted resources to 36 communities with high levels of crime. Funds support more police officers, probation agents, nuisance abatement teams, and citizen patrols, as well as after-school activities. By concentrating resources in these areas, the State hopes to reduce serious crime by 25 to 35 percent. In 1999, the Program was expanded to 26 more neighborhoods.

TARGET HIGH-RISK OFFENDERS

DELINQUENCY PREVENTION PROGRAM
The Delinquency Prevention Program began by 1989 as the Prevention Program in the Governor's Drug and Alcohol Commission. The Program moved to the Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention in 1995 and received its current name in 1997.

To prevent or reduce delinquency, the Program administers funding and provides technical support to programs and activities, especially after-school programs. Such programs offer high-risk youth alternatives to crime and addiction.

LAW ENFORCEMENT & CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROGRAM
The Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Program stems from the Law Enforcement Program of the Governor's Drug and Alcohol Commission. That program became part of the Governor's Office of Crime Control and Prevention in 1995 and received its current name in 1997.

The Program administers funding and provides technical support to programs for law enforcement and the prosecution and adjudication of offenders. To improve the criminal justice system, the Program assists projects, such as community policing and alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent offenders. Support may include the use of electronic and other technology. In addition, the Program seeks effective means of coping with drug addiction and mental illness in the criminal justice system.

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2000

July 18, 2000   
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